Have you ever noticed that your child walks with one shoulder high and one shoulder low at normal times? Do not think that this is an ordinary action or habit. Parents may have overlooked a disease that is highly prevalent in teenagers – scoliosis! Lying on the table with a crooked neck, long-term head down, “Ge You’s paralysis”, and lying on the table side tilt with hands on the head …… these seem natural and comfortable postures, are slowly bend the child’s spine culprit. The risk is higher for girls at this age.
Scoliosis is a common skeletal problem, with 80% of cases occurring between the ages of 10 and 15. The ratio of men to women is 1 to 5 for scoliosis at 20 degrees and 1 to 10 for scoliosis at 30 degrees or more. In a standing position, whether viewed from the front or back, the normal human spine should be arranged symmetrically on the left and right sides of the body and in a straight line from top to bottom.
If you see the spine bent and skewed to either side of the body in a standing position, you may have scoliosis, resulting in an asymmetrical gap between the left and right arms and torso and a higher shoulder on one side. Most scoliosis, however, is not just a single plane of left-right tilt but is usually accompanied by spinal rotation, which can also affect the movement of the scapulae and result in limited mobility of the shoulder joint.
How can I tell if I have scoliosis? You can use the Adam test, which is the best and easiest way to test yourself for scoliosis. You can try it: ask the patient to stand with his feet shoulder-width apart, bend forward with his hands together, and examine the patient’s back from behind to see if there is an asymmetrical bulge, and if the higher bulge is the convex side of scoliosis. Bend not only the spine, but the intelligence, heart, lungs, and gastrointestinal are also involved
Scoliosis can be harmful to the human body not only the bones themselves, but also many of the body organs affected by it. As scoliosis occurs mostly in the thoracolumbar segment, severe bending can lead to thoracic rotational deformity and decreased thoracic volume, affecting the development of the heart and lungs and symptoms such as decreased activity endurance, panic, and shortness of breath.
Affect the spine shape and function Scoliosis leads to spinal deformation, uneven shoulders and back, thoracic deformity, pelvic tilt, long and short legs, poor posture, and other abnormal forms, accompanied by low back pain, limb pain, limb weakness, and reduced labor capacity. A few people are even unable to work, and in severe cases, it can lead to lower limb paralysis and complete loss of mobility.
For girls, scoliosis can lead to uneven bilateral breast development and a prominent rib cage. Scoliosis can also force the pelvis to tilt and deform. It can also affect the formation and growth environment of the fetus when conceiving as an adult, and can even lead to infertility or fetal abnormalities.
Affects intelligence Scoliosis can pull and compress the normal distribution and growth of the spinal nerve and carotid artery, resulting in blocked nerve conduction and blood nutrient transport, lack of brain nutrition, slow nerve conduction, making the brain less responsive, memory, and attention, and other intellectual indicators decline.
Affects the gastrointestinal system Scoliosis reduces the volume of the abdominal cavity and disrupts the regulation of the spinal nerves on the internal organs, which in turn causes loss of appetite, indigestion, and other gastrointestinal system reactions.
To get a straight back, you need to do these 5 things
Scoliosis is a serious physical deformity that affects the normal development of children’s bones. Do not worry, usually do the following 5 things, scoliosis can still be prevented.
- Do not stand hunched over, do not stand “three seven steps”, that is, 30% of the weight falls on the front foot, and 70% falls on the back foot.
- Avoid carrying too much weight on the left and right shoulders for a long time.
- Correct sitting posture (90/90/90), that is, the back and thighs, thighs and calves, calves and footboard are 90 degrees vertical.
- often do stretching back action, the joint muscles are good, such as swimming, hanging bar.
- Drink more milk, eat fish, and eggs, and have proper sun exposure, beneficial to calcium and magnesium absorption.
If the above test is found to have scoliosis, there is still a way to correct it. First, you need to determine how severe your scoliosis is, and there are different methods of correction depending on the severity.
More than 40 degrees of severe scoliosis, need to consider whether corrective surgery; 20 to 40 degrees of moderate scoliosis, can be treated through some rehabilitation training, while the need to use braces for treatment; and not more than 20 degrees of mild scoliosis, do not need to wear braces, simply through rehabilitation training, you can have some rehabilitation effect.
7 comfortable posture is quietly bending the child’s spine
The causes of adolescent scoliosis include congenital abnormalities of the spinal structure, which tilts the spine and leads to scoliosis or kyphosis. It is less common clinically and most often requires surgical correction. The idiopathic spinal structure is basically not abnormal, mostly due to long-term poor posture and lifestyle habits, and most can be treated conservatively to achieve the desired results.
The causes of adolescent scoliosis are, first, desks and chairs do not match the height of students; second, school bags are too heavy; third, students have incorrect posture in reading and writing, and some children even curl their bodies for a long time to look at electronic products. The following seven seemingly comfortable postures are prone to scoliosis caused by poor posture::
- Long time bending low waist long time bending low to look at the phone, play computer, writing homework, etc., the neck shoulder and waist muscles have been in a state of tension stretch, not relaxed.
2. Lie on the table crooked neck lunch break lying on the table crooked headrest, a long time will also affect the muscles of the neck and back. This posture is also very incorrect, if only maintained for a short period will not be a problem, if, for a long time, it will have an impact on the neck and waist.
3. The body is tilted sideways while lying on the table, holding the head with the hands, and the body is tilted sideways to the side of the head. This is the worst habit of children doing homework, this posture causes the neck, waist, and pelvis of young people to be in a state of distortion.
4. The “three seven-step” standing posture is commonly known as the “three seven-step” when standing with the body’s weight on one side and protruding stomach. This posture will cause the spine to be skewed to one side, the lumbar muscles on both sides to be unbalanced, and the waist to be bent and overloaded, and if you need to carry a heavy school bag, it will aggravate the problem and make the consequences more serious.
5. Prone hands on the head Some children often lie on the bed, with their hands on their heads. This posture for a long time will affect the normal curvature of the lumbar spine and is likely to cause strain on the muscles of the waist.
Already bent? 6 moves to correct
Poor posture and scoliosis can be a causal and vicious cycle, so controlling the development of scoliosis need to pay attention to the correction of poor posture. Head up, do not bend, or hunchback, and try to avoid a long-time stretched legs posture. For most people with mild scoliosis, it is recommended to focus on stretching and strength training of the lumbar back muscles:
- Sitting cross-legged, extend the spine upward, lift the chest, look ahead, twist the body to the right side, the left hand on the right knee, the right hand behind, the body further twisted backward, eyes to the oblique rear, do not shrug, stay 10 to 30 seconds, then change to the other side.
- Sitting in a cross-legged position with the body sideways inclined unilaterally, one hand up near the ear, keeping the hips all sitting on the floor, shoulders away from the ears in a unilateral action for 10 to 30 seconds, then changing to the other side.
- supine position, right leg straight, left leg bent knee backward to the right side of the body, the left foot as far as possible to fall on the mat. The left arm is flat on the left side of the body perpendicular to the torso, and the right hand is held at the left knee joint to assist the knee joint to press down. The upper body lies flat. Hold for 10 to 30 seconds, then switch to the other side.
- Kneeling position, right hand and left knee on the ground, stretch the left arm and right leg to the distance, keep the back straight, the waist must not collapse, tighten the abdomen to keep the body stable, and stay for 10 to 30 seconds and then switch to the other side.
- supine position, legs bent slightly wider than the shoulders, the palms of the feet on the ground, hands located on both sides of the body, slowly force the hips to the thighs and body in a straight line, the upper back supports the ground when the hips are raised, exhale when the hips are raised, inhale when they fall. Can be 5 to 10 times as a group, repeat in 4 to 5 groups.
- Prone position, arms, and legs upward, so that the head and chest, and bilateral thighs are off the ground, knee straight, for 3 to 5 seconds for a, can do 10 to 20, repeat 4 to 5 groups.